Rheumatic heart disease is damage caused to the heart’s valves by rheumatic fever, which is caused by streptococcal bacteria. Rheumatic fever usually occurs in childhood, and may follow a streptococcal infection. In some cases, the infection affects the heart & may result in scarring the valves affects the heart & may result in scarring the valves, weakening the heart muscle, or damaging the sac enclosing the heart. For eg : Rheumatic Heart disease, Valvular Heart disease.
Hypertensive Heart Disease:
High blood pressure of unknown origin (primary hypertension) or caused by secondary hypertension certain specific infections or diseases, like tumor in adrenal glands, kidney or their blood vessels diseases. Heart disease may overburden the heart & blood vessels & cause disease. For eg – Aneurysm, Atherosclerosis, High blood pressure, Peripheral arterial disease.
Ischemic Heart Disease:
Heart ailments caused by narrowing of the coronary arteries & therefore a decreased blood supply to the heart. For eg: Angina, Coronary Artery Disease, Coronary Heart Disease, Atherosclerosis, Heart attack.
Cerebrovascular accident or stroke is the result of an impaired blood supply to some part of the brain. For eg. Atherosclerosis, Cerebral vascular disease, stroke, transient ischemic attacks.
Inflammatory Heart disease:
Myocarditis (Inflammation of Heart muscle), Pericarditis (Inflammation of the membrane sac, endocarditis ( Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart. Inflammation may be caused by known toxic or infectious agents or by an unknown origin.